Miscellaneous Glossary. Terms that haven't been categorized yet such as hem lines, bodices etc.
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Bandeau
Often seen in swim wear, this band-shaped bodice is usually twisted at the center front.
Basque Waist
The Basque waist is a low U or V silhouette. Providing an illusion of length, the Basque waist is an extremely flattering dress style and good
on most body types.
Bias cut
Cut diagonally across the grain of a fabric; drapes beautifully, used to create slinky, body-conscious garments
Blanket stitch
Finishing stitch that forms a series of closely-spaced loops along edge
Bodice
The upper portion of a dress, above the waistline.
Boning
Plastic or metal strips used on the inside of a garment to give support and body contouring. Historically, whale bones were used in corseting,
which is how the term originated.
Boot-cut
Refers to trousers or jeans that flare slightly from the knees to the ankles to accommodate boots and other large footwear.
Boy shorts
Garment or swim wear that has a close-fitting leg that reaches the top of the thigh.
Bustier
A sleeveless, strapless top or dress held in place by boning or elastic. It is designed to help shape and enhance the bust line and should stay in
place if it fits snuggly at the waist.
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Camisole
Sleeveless, waist length undergarment with thin spaghetti straps.
Capri pants
Three-quarter length pants designed to hit mid-calf that were first popularized on the Isle of Capri.
Chemise
Usually a short nightgown hemmed below the hip but above the knee. Held up by thin straps, the gown should fit snugly at the bust and
upper torso and fall loosely and flow flatteringly past the hips. As part of the underwear-as-outerwear trend, many dresses and longer tops are
made in a chemise style.
Cropped
Hemmed shorter than the normal cut. For jackets and shirts, the crop is just above the waist; for pants, the crop is above the ankle.
Cusper
A fashion term used to indicate the age of a garment. Cuspers  date an item right on the decade sometimes making them date confusing to pin
down the era. For example a 50s/60s cusper would most likely have been made between 1959 and 1961.
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Dart
A pointed tuck sewn to tailor garment closely to the body --- the more darts the better, imho.
Dinner suit
Dinner dress with a sleeved jacket.
Draped
A loose, pliable piece of fabric that is pulled, attached or hung across a garment. Usually on the bodice or at the neckline.
Drop Waist
Waistline with a seam that falls a few inches below the natural waist.
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Empire Dress / Line
Dress that has a high waistline that starts under the bust. Can also be a seam or panel just under the bust.  
Empire seams
Seams that are sewn directly below the bust line.
Ensemble
A complete outfit, such as coat & dress, dress & jacket, or suit & blouse. An ensemble may also include matching accessories, such as hat,
gloves, handbag, etc.
Envelope hem
A hemline that opens at the bottom with angular, overlapping flounces. Also applies to a shoe’s top-line detail, such as the envelope vamp.
Epaulette
Any shoulder ornament, usually a button strap; often seen with braiding or other trim for a military- or safari-inspired look.
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Facing
Fabric sewn to the collar, front opening, cuffs, or arms eye of a garment to create a finished look.
Fagotting
Peek-a-boo "ladder" embroidery, used in lingerie mostly.
French Seam
Raw edges are totally covered by sewing them together to produce a finished seam
Flare pants
Pants that flare at the hem. More extreme flares are called bell-bottoms.
Flat-front pants
Pants without pleats or bulky pockets that rest flat against the body.
Flood pants
Pants cut at, or just above, the ankle. Also called high waters.
Frock
Another term for a dress.
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Gathering
A technique that creates fullness by tightening threads in a row of stitching.
Godet
A piece of fabric sewn into a skirt or sleeve for extra fullness. Pronounced “go-day.”
Gore
A panel in a garment. In shoes, a gore is commonly an elastic panel stitched into either side of the vamp in order to make it more comfortable
and easier to put on and take off. A gored skirt is made of several vertical panels.
Grommet
An eyelet that is reinforced with metal or plastic that can be used as a durable closure or simple decoration.
Guimpe
a blouse that is worn under a jumper.
Gussets
Triangular or diamond-shaped pieces at the underarm allowing freedom of arm movement in close fitting garments; popular during the 1940's
and 1950's.
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Halter
A sleeveless bodice typically held in place by a strap around the neck, usually backless.
Handkerchief Hem
A hemline that is gently jagged to form uneven, flowing points.
Hem
The folded or otherwise finished edge of a garment.
Hi-Lo Hemline
A hem length that is shorter in the front and longer in the back.
Hook-and-eye closure
A fastening device consisting of a metal hook that catches over a bar or into a loop, often used in conjunction with zippers.
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Inseam
Most often refers to the inside seam of pants. An inseam is measured from the crotch down to the end of the pant leg.
Inverted pleat
Reversed box pleat with folds meeting at the top of the pleat.
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Kabuki style
A full, dramatic top with dolman sleeves and a square or boat neckline.
Keyhole
An oval shape cut-away, usually on the neckline.  
Knee-Length
A dress or skirt that falls on or about the knees.
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Lettuce edge
A thin ruffle at the neckline, cuff or hem. Many bridal veils have a delicate lettuce edge.
Lingerie
Women's underwear and nightwear.
Lingerie gown
a dress made of light, soft, lingerie-style fabrics and trims.
Lurex®
A metallic fiber or yarn trademark by Dow Company.
Lycra®
An elastic fiber trademark by DuPont that has incredible stretch and recovery and is especially used for close-fitting garments.
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Maillot
A one-piece swimsuit with straps and scoop, squared or sweetheart neckline. This style flatters most figure-types. Pronounced “my-yo.”
Mary Jane
The style of a shoe with a strap across the instep. The strap can be attached with elastic or a buckle, making it easy to slip on and off.
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Natural Waist
A seam or waistband that falls at the natural curve of the body, between the hips and the rib cage.
Negligee
A soft, flowing dressing gown or robe for at-home wear.
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Paillettes
Large sequins.  
Paisley  
A detailed pattern of curved tear-drops.
Pareo
A versatile rectangle of printed fabric worn as a shawl, swimsuit cover-up, skirt, dress or scarf. Based on garments worn by natives of Pacific
Islands, the pareo is shorter than a sarong.
Peasant top
Romantic style often characterized with a low neckline, ruffles, and flowing material.
Pedal pushers
Straight cut pants, often cuffed, that fall just below the knee.
Peek-a-boo
A garment with any bits cut out to reveal skin.
Petticoat
An underskirt reaching from the waist to just above the hem of the outer garment.
Picot
A row of small loops woven along the edge of fabric in ribbon or lace for a decorative effect.
Pieced
A look created by sewing several pieces of material together to form the garment, much like a quilt.
Pintuck
Narrow, sewn-down pleats, usually on the front of a garment.
Piping
decorative, narrow strip of leather or other trim that typically follows the seam of a garment or shoe.
Pleat
A tailoring technique where a fold of fabric is made by doubling material over on itself.    
Poncho
A square or rectangular piece of fabric with a center hole for sliding over the head.
Princess Bodice
It hugs your upper body, descends to a seamless waist that flares slightly into the skirt.
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Ruched
A dressmaker technique used to decorate a garment, which incorporates gathering up a strip of fabric and stitching it through the center to
make ruffles on both sides.
Ruching
Shirring or gathering for a textured effect. Pronounced “roo-shing.”
Ruffle
A dressmaker technique used to decorate a garment, which incorporates gathering a strip of fabric by stitching it along one edge or cutting that
fabric in a curve so that it produces a rippling effect.
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Saddle stitch
Small stitches, often along the edge or seam, visible on the outside of shoes and garments.
Scalloped
Edges either cut, knit or crocheted into a wavy pattern.
Shirred waist
A decorative gathering made by drawing up the material along two or more parallel lines of stitching.
Shirring
Gathering of material usually used for figure enhancement.
Skort
Shorts that have a front covering to resemble a skirt.
Smocking
Fabric gathered by embroidery stitching; used commonly in sundresses & swimsuits, 1940s-1970s
Spaghetti Straps
Very thin shoulder straps.
Sport suit
A tailored suit, suitable for attending (rather than participating in) a sports activity.
Surplice Bodice / Wrap or Woven Bodice
A bodice created by the cross-wrapping of fabric; may be in front or back.
Sweater suit
A knitted or crocheted skirt with matching sweater or jacket, usually sport or semi-sport wear.  
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Tank Top  
A short, sleeveless top with wide armholes.
Tiered
A dress or skirt made up of layers of varying lengths.  
Top stitching
Stitching showing on the right side of a garment for decorative effect. Also a shoe detail or decoration.
Train
An elongated piece of fabric extending from the bottom of a dress or skirt which sweeps the floor and varies in length.
Triacetate  
A manufactured fiber possessing some similar traits to acetate.
Tube top
A strapless top made with stretch fabric.
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Under stitching
A line of stitching along the edge of a facing or under collar to keep it from rolling to the outside.
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V-neck/V-back  
An open neckline/backline that forms a "V" shape midway down the bodice.
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Waistline
A tailoring term usually describing the line that encircles the narrowest part of the waist or the line above or below this point.
Wide legs
Pants or jeans that are cut extra full through the legs, with a wider leg opening.
Woven Bodice / Wrap Bodice / Surplice Bodice
A bodice created by the cross-wrapping of fabric; may be in front or back.

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